facebookWhat do you mean by passively managed and actively managed ? Does passively managed mean there is no fund manager managing the funds? - Seedly

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Anonymous

20 Feb 2020

General Investing

What do you mean by passively managed and actively managed ? Does passively managed mean there is no fund manager managing the funds?

I have read about ETFs, tracks and replicates the return on an index. What exactly does it mean by lay man terms ? Would be grateful if there is a example to show based on Singapore context ETFs. Like how does it track and replicate.

Discussion (11)

What are your thoughts?

Yes, thats simple:

-most (but not all) mutual funds (unit trusts) are actively managed: the managing team buys and sells constantly stocks (thus generating 'hidden fees') in an effort to 'beat' the average market = indices (they rarely are longterm successful, contrary to popular belief). I You'd be buying only single stocks you also are a 'stock' picking manager of your funds.

-passive approaches only buy the index components according to market cap (and readjust their holdings 1-4 times a year), so no big research needed = low fees​​​

A simple formula to follow:

Higher activity = higher fees

More layers = higher fees

ETF are passively managed funds = Lowest fees as they track a broad-based index benchmark; Eg, S&P500, STI

Actively Managed = Manager follows investment guidelines of the fund. Eg: Value centric, hedging strategies, sector-specific, technological plays.

There might be tracking errors for the index which do not have high liquidity - you can see such errors in markets where liquidity and regulation give way to tracking errors (China and India).

For a layman, go for passively low-cost index funds till you do your homework on actively managed funds.

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An index is a representation of the stock market. It is kind of like a report card of a student. The...

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